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Ask The Expert

About Richard Barrington, CFA & MoneyRates.com Senior Financial Analyst
Richard Barrington

Richard Barrington, CFA, is the primary spokesperson and personal finance expert for MoneyRates. He is a 20-year veteran of the financial industry, including having served for over a dozen years as a member of the Executive Committee of Manning & Napier Advisors, Inc. He earned his Chartered Financial Analyst designation in 1991 with the Association for Investment Management and Research (AIMR). Richard has written extensively on investment topics, including investments, money market accounts, certificates of deposit, and personal finance as it relates to retirement.

Richard has been quoted by numerous media publications such as The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, and Pensions & Investments magazine.[...] Read more Richard can discuss economic and market history in detail and is well respected for his ability to relate to a broad audience from a personal financial standpoint. Richard approaches financial topics with an understanding that fresh perspectives are often more valuable than mainstream consensus. He has written for over 50 financial Web sites, such as Investopedia, Yahoo, MSN, Allbusiness, and Encarta, and is most sought after by members of the media for his niche expertise in these topics: Certificates of Deposit, Money Market and Savings Accounts, Saving for Retirement, Housing and Mortgage Meltdown, Interest rates, Investments, Macro Economic and Government Policy Issues, Historical Financial Events, Discerning Long Term Implications

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Am I saving enough for a comfortable retirement?

June 19, 2015

| MoneyRates.com Senior Financial Analyst, CFA

Q: I am 24 and make $60k a year. I am currently saving 5 percent, which is about $225 a month into my company's 401(k) plan. I have a portfolio that is more aggressive since I am young and have time to wait out the stock market. I currently have $3,000 in a rollover account from my previous job. Is $225 a month enough for my retirement?

A: It sounds like you are off to a good start, but you are probably going to need to ramp up your savings rate over time.

Running your numbers through a MoneyRates Retirement Calculator shows that you are on target to accumulate a little more than $930,000 by the time you are 65. That may sound impressive, but when adjusted for projected inflation, this is the equivalent of just over $270,000 in today's dollars. When you think of stretching that over 20 or 30 years of retirement, that is not such a healthy amount.

Also, those figures are based on an assumed 8 percent rate of return, which may be a little ambitious with bond and money market rates near historic lows. You say you are invested aggressively and therefore might think you could do better than 8 percent, but be advised that even stock returns are vulnerable with interest rates at such low levels. Your best shot at a bigger nest egg comes simply from saving more.

You should work with a retirement calculator to figure out just how much more you should save. As you weigh the variables involved, keep in mind four key points:

  1. Max out your employer match. If your employer matches any portion of your 401(k) contributions, your immediate goal should be to contribute at least enough to receive the maximum match. This is less about future savings projections than making sure you don't leave any dollars on the table today.
  2. Income replacement. A savings projection may look like an impressive nest egg, but think of it in terms of income replacement - how will it look spread out over the years you plan to spend in retirement?
  3. Keep in mind taxes on withdrawals. People tend to think of retirement savings accounts as tax-free, but they are only tax-deferred. You will have to pay taxes on your 401(k) dollars when you eventually withdraw them, so the portion of your nest egg available for spending won't be quite as big as it looks.
  4. Push the upper limit. At $225 a month, you are currently saving $2,700 a year. That's a far cry from the $18,000 2015 401(k) contribution limit. That maximum may represent too hefty a portion of your current salary, but your goal should be to work closer to the maximum over the next few years.

To be regularly saving for retirement at age 24 probably puts you ahead of most of your peers. However, it is your needs, not theirs, that you need to focus on, and meeting your needs is probably going to require a higher savings rate.

Got a financial question about saving, investing or banking? MoneyRates.com invites you to submit your questions to its "Ask the Expert" feature. Just go to the MoneyRates.com home page and look for the "Ask the Expert" box on the lower left.

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How can a jump in gas prices impact mortgage rates?

June 3, 2015

| MoneyRates.com Senior Financial Analyst, CFA

Q: I've noticed prices at the gas pump have started heading up again. What could that mean for mortgage rates?

A: It was bound to happen, right? Gasoline gave consumers a nice break for a few months there, but it was never going to last. As gas prices start to make their way back up, mortgage rates are sure to follow.

Retail gas prices bottomed out around the end of January, when they were more than $1.60 a gallon cheaper than they had been at the middle of last year. They have since gained back over 60 cents a gallon, a 30 percent increase in less than four months.

All of this matters because mortgage lenders seek to build in a cushion over inflation when they set interest rates. The higher they expect inflation to be, the higher interest rates have to be to maintain that cushion. Naturally, gas prices are an important input to inflation. Thus, just as falling gas prices likely played a role in falling mortgage rates earlier this year, the opposite could be true as gas prices rise.

How does this affect consumers? Whatever your involvement with the housing market - whether you are a potential buyer, an existing home owner, or even a potential seller - higher mortgage rates could impact your plans:

  • Prospective buyers should get serious about house hunting before higher mortgage rates reduce what they can afford.
  • Long-term home owners should weigh their refinancing and home equity loan options before they get more expensive.
  • Home sellers may want to be flexible about any reasonable offers, because higher mortgage rates could start to dry up buying demand.

It can be a week-to-week annoyance when every stop at the gas station costs a few dollars more. Beyond that though, the impact of higher mortgage rates could be felt for years to come.

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Can I turn $100,000 into $1 million by the end of the decade?

May 4, 2015

| MoneyRates.com Senior Financial Analyst, CFA

Q: I have $100,000 and want to be a millionaire by the end of the decade. What do I invest in? I've heard many things about gold, silver and stocks, but I have no idea where to start. I don't even know what stocks are or how I would invest in them.

A: You sound like you are in a hurry, which can be a good thing if it motivates you to learn how to save more and invest effectively. Just be careful your hurry does not rush you into costly mistakes, because your goal of turning $100,000 into $1,000,000 by the end of the decade is probably overly ambitious.

Reality check

The end of the decade is less than five years away, so think about what it will take to turn $100,000 into $1,000,000 over that time period. Doing it solely by investment growth would require a 58.5 percent annual return each year -- a return unlikely to happen in any one year, let alone for five years in a row.

Even if you ease the time frame and shoot for $100,000 to $1,000,000 over 10 years, you would need to earn about 25.9 percent a year. Although that may be possible, it is still a challenging return to achieve without risking a substantial amount of what you have already. To put this in perspective, U.S. stocks have averaged about a 10 percent yearly return over the long run, but have also experienced extended periods with significantly lower returns.

Formulating investment goals should be the first step in any investment process, which will help you reassess and focus on more realistic goals.

Stocks and commodities

You mention stocks and commodities like silver and gold, which are publicly traded assets, meaning buyers and sellers are all trying to determine whether the price will go up or down.

In such markets, prices are quickly going to adjust to changing expectations, making it difficult to pinpoint lucrative opportunities. To a large extent, returns depend on having market insight, or at least a differing perspective from the market as a whole.

Know what you invest in

To succeed, you have to know something about where you are putting your money before you rush out and start investing. This entails understanding how different markets and asset classes behave, as well as knowing details of the specific securities in which you invest.

Becoming knowledgeable in these things is a key part of beginning to invest. You won't learn it all at once, but you should take some time to study before you start investing.

Saving is the surest wealth builder

Finally, think back on how you accumulated $100,000 in the first place. While sound investing can augment your wealth, the surest way to build your fortune is to keep earning and building your savings account.

Got a question about saving, investing or banking? MoneyRates.com invites you to submit your questions to its "Ask the Expert" feature. Just go to the MoneyRates.com home page and look for the "Ask the Expert" box on the lower left.

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Arranging joint access to a parent's checking account

April 3, 2015

| MoneyRates.com Senior Financial Analyst, CFA

Q: My parents are getting to the point where Father is not very well and I will need to pay their bills from their account once he passes or before. I would like my name put on the checking account to facilitate this. What should the account be titled so the account is not frozen once one of them passes?

A: The naming of an account can be an important issue, but it may not prevent assets from being temporarily frozen after death. There are also other issues to think about if you want a seamless transition of decision-making authority as you begin to take responsibility for your parents' financial affairs.

Here are some steps that may make the process go more smoothly:

  1. Get a list of accounts, including account numbers, from your parents. It is amazing how even well-organized people manage to acquire financial odds-and-ends over the years -- savings accounts that were never closed, small mutual fund purchases and so on. Ask your parents to set aside every statement they get for about a month so you can sit down with them and assemble a list of account numbers and contact information.
  2. Contact each financial institution to get authorized on the accounts. Generally speaking, using the word "or" in the list of names on an account rather than "and" is the right form for denoting that any one of those named can give instructions, but each financial institution may have its own procedures. So, contact each institution where your parents have an account and find out what you need to do to get authorized.
  3. Have a lawyer draw up a limited power of attorney. Setting up the accounts the right way can save you some trouble, but having a legal document in place that will allow you to give instructions if your parents become unable to do so may prove to be a more versatile form of authorization for all the situations that may come up.
  4. Make sure their wills are up-to-date. Check that your parents' wills have been properly executed and do not contain any out-of-date information or assumptions.
  5. Work with your parents on a long-range financial game plan. The later years of a lifetime can be the most expensive, especially if your parents need to go into a nursing home. Once you have familiarized yourself with your parents' resources, figure out how you are going to make those resources last, and what to do if you can't.
  6. Consider setting up a burial trust. If their assets start running low, this can be useful for setting aside funeral funds that will be sheltered from Medicaid qualification and claw-back rules. Also, this can make money available for burial even if probate rules require freezing other assets.

Even once you start making the decisions, keep your parents in the loop for as long as possible. This should reassure them that everything is being looked after properly, and will give them the opportunity to let you know about anything they might have originally forgotten to mention.

Got a question about saving, investing or banking? MoneyRates.com invites you to submit your questions to its "Ask the Expert" feature. Just go to the MoneyRates.com home page and look for the "Ask the Expert" box on the lower left.

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Moving an IRA from one bank to another?

March 20, 2015

| MoneyRates.com Senior Financial Analyst, CFA

Q: How long do I have to roll an IRA CD over from one institution to another?

A: You have a 60-day period from when you receive an IRA distribution to roll it over into another IRA. It is very important to adhere to this time frame, because if you do not the distribution will be exposed to income taxes, and possibly to a 10 percent penalty for early distribution.

You can eliminate the risk of exposing your rollover to taxes by moving your IRA via a trustee-to-trustee transfer instead. Technically, this is not even a rollover; at your instructions, your current trustee would transfer your IRA balance to another qualified trustee without the money ever passing through your hands.

Before making any kind of transfer or rollover, you should take the opportunity to comprehensively evaluate the status of your IRA. Here are some of the issues involved:

  1. Check your current CD renewal date. Coordinating a transfer with the expiration of your current CD will help you avoid a possible penalty for early withdrawal from that CD.
  2. Re-evaluate the role of your IRA. Before you choose what to do with your IRA next, you should make sure you have a clear objective in mind for this money. Are you close enough to retirement age that you expect to be tapping into this money soon, or are you tying to grow it for the long term? Is this your primary source of retirement funding, or is it a complement to other retirement assets?
  3. Decide on the right vehicle and term for your next investment. The above analysis should inform what you do with the money next. While CDs should earn you more than money market accounts or savings accounts, they are not the best growth vehicle if you are several years away from retirement. If you do opt to stay in a CD, decide how long a term you want, remembering that the best CD rates will typically be found in longer-term CDs.
  4. Shop around. Once you are clear on what you want, you can shop around for the right provider, whether this involves pursuing the best CD rates or the most appropriate long-term investment expertise.
  5. Review your ongoing contributions. Once you have decided what to do with your current IRA balance, don't neglect to continue making new contributions to the plan. You must also decide how these new contributions should be invested.

Again, you should be able to move your IRA pretty seamlessly via a trustee-to-trustee transfer, but your choice of where to transfer the IRA could be more effective if you take the time to step back and review the program before you make your move.

Got a question about saving, investing or banking? MoneyRates.com invites you to submit your questions to its "Ask the Expert" feature. Just go to the MoneyRates.com home page and look for the "Ask the Expert" box on the lower left.

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