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Best States for College Students 2020

| MoneyRates.com Senior Financial Analyst, CFA
min read

lady-student-bookLooking to get a good bachelor's degree at an affordable price?

Where you live might have a lot to do with the quality of the choices you have.

The 2020 MoneyRates.com study of best states for college students found some stark differences in the collegiate environment from state to state. Here are some examples of the contrasts:

  • The annual cost of a bachelor's degree program in North Dakota is less than half what it is in each of the 11 most-expensive states.
  • Only one in four college students in Nevada completes a bachelor's degree within six years, while 22 states have six-year graduation rates of 50% or better.
  • College students in Nevada are also more than twice as likely as those in Connecticut and Massachusetts to leave or change schools.
  • The ratio of students to teachers - which can determine how much individual attention a student can get - is an average of 14 across all states, but in Arizona it is much worse at an average of 19 students per teacher.

What this means is that, depending on where you live, it may pay to look beyond your home state when considering colleges. A broader range of choices could help you find the best path toward a marketable degree without being overwhelmed by debt when you graduate.

Ranking the Best States for College Students

To help would-be college students and their parents direct their choices, MoneyRates.com ranked each of the 50 states based on five factors relevant to the affordability and effectiveness of college programs:

  1. Average cost

    Since the idea is for students to be open-minded about where they look for the right college, the study looked at total costs for both in-state and out-of-state students living on campus.

  2. Retention rate

    It's a bad sign if a lot of students are dropping out or transferring. Average retention rates show how good a job schools in different states do at holding on to their students.

  3. Student-to-faculty ratio

    Do you hope to have individual interaction with your college teachers, or are you content to be one of dozens of students sitting in a large lecture hall? The student-to-faculty ratio can give you a sense of which type of college experience you'd have in store.

  4. 6-year graduation rate

    Many students need more than the traditional four years to get a bachelor's degree; but if the process drags on too long, the costs start mounting up and the chances of completing the degree fade. The higher the 6-year graduation rate, the more students in that state are having a successful college experience.

  5. Breadth of choice

    Even though some states may have generally better college conditions than others, the decision still comes down to choosing a particular school. Students have a range of very different interests, career goals and visions of what kind of college experience they want. The more choices a state offers, the better chance a student has of finding the right fit.

Big picture, the rankings in this study could help point you toward states where you may have a good chance of finding the right college.

The other takeaway from this study should be to suggest what information you should research when considering any particular college.

The Best States for College Students

The goal of this study was to select the ten best states for college students. However, due to a three-way tie for tenth place, the list is expanded to a full dozen.

1. Massachusetts

Massachusetts

Let's get the bad news out of the way: At $54,265, the average cost of attending college in Massachusetts is the second highest of any state.

However, Massachusetts ranks in the top ten for all four other ranking factors, so at least you get value for your money.

The 80% student-retention rate and 65% 6-year graduation rate for bachelor's degree students are both second highest in the nation.

The average student-to-teacher ratio in Massachusetts is third best of any state; and with 95 schools from which to choose, Massachusetts ranks 8th in breadth of choice.

2. Michigan

Michigan

At an average of $36,596, annual college costs in Michigan are right around the middle of the pack. That makes schools in the state a good value because they rank better than average on all other factors.

Michigan is seventh-best nationally with a student-retention rate of 77%.

Individual attention might be part of what helps keep so many students in school, because Michigan's student/teacher ratio of 13 is tied for ninth nationally.

3. Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania

Pennsylvania did well in this study because it ranked third nationally in three out of five categories: student-retention rate, graduation rate and breadth of choice.

Be sure to save diligently if you plan to attend college in the state because the average annual cost of $46,793 is the seventh most expensive in the nation.

However, if the strong retention and graduation rates increase your chances of completing your degree, this might be money well spent.

4. Illinois

Illinois

An interesting pattern that emerges from this study is that many of the best states for college students are on the pricey side.

With an average annual cost of $43,795, Illinois is more expensive than the national average of $37,520.

What may make the cost worthwhile is that Illinois performed better than average in all four other categories. Most notably, it tied for third best nationally with an average student/teacher ratio of 12.

5. (tie) Nebraska

Nebraska

The number of college choices available in Nebraska is relatively limited at a total of 28 statewide, but those schools seem to deliver good value.

Nebraska ranks above average for retention rate, graduation rate and student/teacher ratio, and the average annual cost of $32,954 is cheaper than in most states.

5. (tie) New York

New York

Though tied for fifth with Nebraska, New York offers a very different collegiate environment.

With 238 colleges in the state, New York offers the second widest selection of choices of any state. It also ranks in the top ten for retention rate.

You might expect New York prices to be expensive, but while the $40,468 average annual cost of college in New York is higher than average, it is still cheaper than in 16 other states.

7. Iowa

Iowa

Iowa is tied for third overall with a student/teacher ratio of 12, and also ranks in the top ten for 6-year graduation rate.

On the down side, the average annual cost of $43,189 is higher than in most states.

8. (tie) California

California

California's 269 colleges give it the most choices of any state, and it is tied for fifth for 6-year graduation rate.

Unfortunately, it also has the fifth-highest average cost, at $48,425.

8. (tie) Missouri

Missouri

Missouri ranks in the top ten for number of college choices and best student/teacher ratio.

It also offers an average annual cost of $34,468 that is cheaper than in most states.

10. (tie) Connecticut

Connecticut

Like neighboring Massachusetts, Connecticut's college choices could be described as "pricey, but worth it."

The average annual cost of $50,982 is third-highest in the nation.

However, Connecticut ranks first in student-retention rate, and in the top ten for student/teacher ratio and 6-year graduation rate.

10. (tie) New Jersey

New Jersey

An average annual cost of $36,441 puts New Jersey around the middle of the pack for affordability.

That looks like a good value when you consider that New Jersey is better than most states in each of the other four categories, including being tied for the seventh-highest student-retention rate.

10. (tie) Virginia

Virginia

Average annual college costs of $44,192 make Virginia the ninth-most expensive state.

In return for that investment, Virginia offers above-average rankings in all four other categories, including top-ten rankings for student/faculty ratio and breadth of choice.

How to Afford College: Meeting the Challenge

As you can see by the cost figures mentioned above, even in the less expensive states, paying for college is a big challenge. Here are some tips to help you meet that challenge.

1. Get an early start on a 529 college savings plan

Obviously, it's easier to save if you can spread the saving out over more years by starting early. In addition, starting early helps because the primary tax advantage of a 529 college saving plan is that it allows you to grow your college savings tax-free.

The earlier you start, the more years of tax-free growth potential your savings will have.

2. Learn which degrees employers value

Since college is expensive, it's important not to waste any time pursuing the wrong degree program.

Colleges may advertise programs that sound relevant to a given field, but those degrees are not necessarily the qualifications employers demand. Check out the job market for the career you want before you start college, so you can spend your time and money pursuing the right degree.

3. Compare choices

Costs can vary greatly, so try to identify more than one college that offers the kind of education you want. Being able to compare multiple choices gives you more of a chance at finding a cost-effective solution.

4. Research financial aid

The so called "sticker price" charged by colleges tells only part of the story. Financial aid can go a long way toward making college affordable. Talk to the financial aid office of any college you are considering to see what kind of help they are able to offer.

5. Focus on graduation rates

The investment in college is largely wasted if you don't get a degree. Be wary of college programs with low graduation rates.

Where you decide to attend college makes a big difference. Both the state and the particular school matters, but so does asking the right questions to put yourself on course to earning a worthwhile degree.

Overall Ranking of Best States for College Students

Overall RankStateAverage
On-Campus Price
Price RankRetention RankStudent-To-Faculty RankGraduation Rate RankNumber Of 4-Year InstitutionsChoice Rank
1Massachusetts$54,26549232958
2Michigan$36,5962479206515
3Pennsylvania$46,7934432431593
4Illinois$43,79540183121087
5Nebraska$32,95415149122833
5New York$40,46834724162382
7Iowa$43,1893914394421
8California$48,42546112452691
8Missouri$34,4681824927809
10Connecticut$50,982481953130
10New Jersey$36,44123724205319
10Virginia$44,19242149187810
13Indiana$43,05938189176713
13Minnesota$40,32033142476117
15Maryland$43,8024139183529
16Wyoming$26,00526359250
17South Dakota$28,9997119371839
17Washington$37,08228183576515
19North Carolina$38,55531309237512
20Alaska$27,42143149649
20Maine$41,94037119122137
20Tennessee$37,55030249296614
23North Dakota$21,8141243371542
24Rhode Island$55,387507911245
25Oregon$45,33143229123727
26Ohio$41,79136359281206
27Wisconsin$38,873322824205718
28New Hampshire$47,2614524941741
29Idaho$29,27881824291245
29Vermont$50,8434730292236
31Kentucky$36,706253024294322
32Mississippi$26,72132235321839
32Texas$35,057203535371444
34Kansas$35,71122403443926
35Florida$36,708263048331415
36New Mexico$28,8436483482038
37Colorado$40,887353035244820
38Oklahoma$30,194104924403628
39South Carolina$37,037274435244223
40Georgia$34,520194044407711
41Montana$31,882124024331147
42Louisiana$33,324173535403031
42Utah$28,52454444332932
44Arkansas$29,28993935442634
45Hawaii$32,696144024401344
46Arizona$35,276213850334223
47Alabama$31,797114444474223
48Delaware$37,35929284926748
49West Virginia$32,307134444462634
50Nevada$33,310165035501542
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